This project covers the districts of Steung Trang and Prey Chhor in Kampong Cham Province and Ang Snoul and Ponhear Leu district Kandal province . It seeks to increase sustained access to improved sanitation and promote proper hygiene practices in rural communities of Cambodia. This project covered 32 communes, 134 villages, 40 schools (40,000 children) and 6 health centres. It uses a Community Led Total Sanitation approach.
Community Led Total Sanitation.
Our facilitators use a Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach to trigger a change in sanitation and hygiene behaviour rather than constructing toilets for people. The approach relies on a process of social awakening that is stimulated by facilitators from within or outside the community. It concentrates on the whole community rather than on individual behaviour. In a collective manner, the community decides on how to stop open defecation (OD). It is the people in the community that decide together on how they will create a clean and hygienic environment. CLTS does not focus on an individual household hardware subsidy but instead on social solidarity, helping and cooperating with households in the community to reach 100% ODF (open defecation free).
Hygiene Promotion (HP) also helps communities to improve their hygiene behaviours through constructing and using toilets, hand-washing with soap at critical times and drink only safe water. Hygiene promotion is conducted after the CLTS event in a village to help a community to develop and carry out their own plans to improve their situation.
Another significant part of creating awareness and action is through the School Water Hygiene and Sanitation (School WASH) programme. This follows the same line of thinking but focuses on the school community (which includes students and teachers) and how they can all play a role in eliminating open defecation through social solidarity. School WASH approach in combination with CLTS helps to takes children and adult's desire to improve their sanitation and hygiene beyond schools and into households and wider communities. Teachers and students can help parents and communities at large to realise and adopt better practices. In this sense the key challenge in both CLTS and School WASH lies in the adaptation and adoption of consistent strategies by the key players and capacity building of key facilitators.
There are many partners who are helping us to bring this message to communities they include the Provincial Department Rural Development (PDRD), District of Rural Department (DoRD), District of Education Youths and Sport (DoEYs) and local community leaders and representatives from villages, the Commune Committees for Women and Children (CCWC), commune councillors and the district governor.