Food insecure households are characterised by their inability to product or buy sufficient food for a healthy life.They experince rice shortage several months of the year and they are constrained by limited access to tools,fertiliser,quality seeds,financeal services and information.Poor households in the target project areas are also vulnerable to floods during the rainy season.
The poverty concentration in the target provinces varies from 21% to 32.2%,affecting the majority of project beneficiaries. In addition to this,the floods in 2011 have severely affected the project beneficaries. Increased indebtedness was reported in UN post disaster assessment reports.Underweight prevalence in children under 5 was also highlighted to be betweenz 40% and 50%.In addition to lack of food,poor access to health services,and low hygience,lack of latrine also leads to malnutrition.
The social-economic characteristics of food insecure households are such that working with them requires a targeted approach.This is to cover not only production but also income earning oppurtunities and empowerment of their overall capavity,including social,financial,and behavioural aspects, to increase productivity in a sustainable manner year by year and diversify their livelihood options.